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10 Legal Requirements for Drivers in Spain

Spanish Legal IssuesPosted by Andrew Thu, February 02, 2017 15:21:02

May 23rd, 2014

In light of the recently updated traffic laws in Spain, we have obtained from the Guardia Civil an up to date list of the points they are routinely required to check in Spain, when stopping a driver in a ‘control’ (check point), or in the event of a traffic offence.

1. A ‘Carnet de Conducir’ (driving licence) which is valid for Spain, permitting the driver to drive the vehicle in question. This must be the original document or a copy certified by an official Spanish body- eg. the ‘Ayuntamiento’ (Town Hall) or ‘Jefatura Provincial de Tráfico’ (Provincial Traffic Headquarters).
2. A ‘Documento de Identidad’ (ID document eg. Passport). This is required to verify the identity of the driver and validate the driving licence in cases where the driving licence does not include a photo.
3. The ‘Permiso de Circulación’ (vehicle registration document, showing the vehicle description and registration number; and owner’s name and address). This should be the original document (or certified copy, as point 1. above).
4. The ‘Ficha Técnica’ (the statement of technical specification, which also contains the record (and should have the up to date stamp) of ITV (periodic vehicle inspection) for vehicles requiring an ITV. This should be the original document (or certified copy, as point 1. above).
5. The ITV (periodic vehicle inspection) sticker. The ‘Ficha Técnica’ contains the written record of the inspection history, but it is also a legal requirement (for a vehicle for which an ITV is necessary) to have the ITV sticker clearly displayed.
6. The most recent receipt for the local Town Hall car tax. Although this is not on the official list of requirements, it is recommended to keep it with the paperwork, to be able to demonstrate compliance with all national and local requirements.
7. The original current certificate of car insurance (or certified copy, as point 1. above); and proof of payment of the annual premium.
8. Two warning triangles and a spare set of bulbs.
9. Two reflective safety jackets (kept inside the car- accessible without leaving the car).
10. A spare set of glasses if the driver wears glasses for driving.

The above is a current, general guide to the basic requirements, rather than an exhaustive list. In the case of non- standard passenger vehicles; or any case-specific individual circumstances, there could be additional requirements. Guardia Civil ‘Cuarteles’ (garrisons, attended by officers for contact with members of the public) are located all over Spain. If in any doubt, attend in person and request guidance.

Non-compliance with these simple and basic rules can lead to fines or penalty points.

So, please SHARE this with your friends and contacts who live in Spain, or visit and drive in Spain, to help them to be lawful (and to avoid fines/ penalties!).